I highly recommend the Ayurevdic Institute’s educational materials.
On their site http://www.ayurveda.com/ click on the Lotus icon on the lower left labled Online Resources. Inside you will see a pdf called Discover Your Constitution. This quiz will help you determine how you are constituted from an Ayurvedic standpoint. Answer these questions considering yourself throughout your entire life. Your constitution is called your Prakruti, and it stays essentially constant through your life.
The other tool in this same section is titled Discover Your Current State. This quiz asks the same questions in order to help you determine how you are constituted right now.
If you seek to live in balance with your god-given constitution, you will want to eat foods that are good for it. The Food Guidelines in this section are invaluable for that purpose.
Health in Ayurevda is one big balancing act!